Global Citizenship

Chapter 5
Social Inequality: Any difference in the treatment of people based on age, race, gender, etc.
Social Stratification: Refers to the large hierarchical arrangements of large social groups on the basis of their control over basic resources (main forms include: class, gender and race/ethnicity)

a) Dominant group: Characterized by a disproportionate share of power, wealth, social status and health care b) Subordinate group: Has limited access to power, resources and social status
Power: The capacity to control resources which allows structures of dominance and subordination to be created
Privilege: Gained through unearned power that gives dominate members advantages
Barriers: Visible or invisible obstacles that prevent or limit people’s access to resources, opportunities and benefits of membership in society (i.e. visible: public spaces that are inaccessible to persons with physical disabilities, and invisible: immigrants having limited access to job opportunities)
Ideology: Rooted in history and are maintained through social structures that dictate the order of our society (i.e. women’s position is to be a nurturer, a caregiver and a weak subordinate to men)
EQUITY VS. EQUALITY
Equity: A framework that allows us to pursue economic and social justice for minority groups in society Equity differs from equality in that treating everyone ‘the same’ may in fact pose barriers Though a policy or practice may be applied equally to all, it may have a discriminatory effect Equity focuses on fairness and refers to fair access to resources, opportunities
and outcomes, and pays attention to how power is working in society and challenges unfair systems and practices Equality fails to consider history, current contexts and circumstances of individuals and groups
Chapter 6
Social action: Involves a group doing something to make the world a better place and is something that anyone can participate in
Personal social action: A day-to-day life decision that creates an impact on the world (i.e. recycling, donating, making environmental changes in your home, volunteering, join a community organization, etc.)
Social change: Achieving an alteration at any level in society to create a more just and fair situation for a specific individual or group of people
Activist: Someone who takes a social action in order to attempt to make a social change
Social Entrepreneurship: Businesses that aim to create social change through their regular practice, using business principles and market economics (i.e. Paintbox Bistro: uses the business of a restaurant in an underpriveliged area to improve the quality of life of people in Regent Park through the love and enjoyment of good food)
1) Micro-level: Focuses on working with individuals or PRIMARY GROUPS trying to remedy a problem that affects them (i.e. turning to family or friends for help writing a resume helps to fight unemployment at an individual level)
2) Mid-level: Focuses on working with SECONDARY GROUPS such as communities or committees to ensure local change (SIMON’S EXAMPLES: YMCA and ‘Skills For Change’ – two services in place to assist communities to better themselves through recreation and the building of career skills)
3) Macro-level: Focuses on working collectively as groups at the INSITUTIONAL or SYSTEMATIC LEVELS on changing issues at their root cause (SIMON’S
EXAMPLE: Pride Toronto – aims to fight for the equality and acceptance of gays worldwide)
Fair trade: A trading partnership, based on dialogue, transparency and respect that seeks greater equity in international trade. It contributes to sustainable development by offering better trading conditions and securing the rights of marginalized producers and workers (MACRO-LEVEL CHANGE)
Grassroots: Locally based, volunteer-run, formal non-profit groups (i.e. community organizations, joining or volunteering for non-profits or getting involved in politics – SIMON’S EXAMPLE: ‘Stop the Cuts’ – a group rallying against Rob Ford’s budget cuts)
SOCIAL JUSTICE VS. CHARITY
Charity: A not for profit organization which people give donations (whether financial or volunteered time) that aims to aid social, cultural and environmental issues
Social justice: A concept based upon the belief that each individual in society has the right to equal civil liberties, equal opportunity through education, economics, etc. and aims to address the root cause of said issues in order to fix them permanently
Charity alleviates the symptoms of an issue, leaving the root cause unaddressed (can be seen as a temporary fix to a social issue)
Charity is giving a poor person some food or clothing, while social justice advocates change in the economic system so that people have more employment and housing opportunities, in order to better feed and clothe themselves
SIMON’S EXAMPLE: Daily Bread Food Bank is a CHARITY that treats symptoms by providing food to the hungry (mid-level social change) The Stop Community Food Centre treats symptoms and root causes by educating community on food issues, lobbies government and encourages social action amongst food recipients (mid and macro-level social change)
Video Examples of Social Change
1) Remix Project: A creative center made for underprivileged youth who want to express themselves through music and/or design that gives them the resources and tools they need to channel their talent (An example of a social justice)
2) Idle No More: Aboriginal movement that brings light to issues such as false treaties and oppression in Canada for hundreds of years
3) Tom’s Shoes: Provides a child in the developing world with a new pair of shoes for every pair of shoes their company sells (An example of a social entrepreneurship)
Chapter 7
Citizenship: A concept that implies membership or identity in a wider community along with a set of rights and responsibilities
Global Citizenship (CENTENNIAL DEFINITION): “Recognizing that we must all be aware of our use of the world’s resources and find ways to live on the earth in a sustainable way. When we see other are treated without justice, we know we are responsible for trying to ensure people are treated fairly and must have the same equitable opportunities as other citizens of the world. We must think critically about what we see, hear and say, and make sure our actions bring about positive changes”
Global Citizenship (OXFAM CENTENNIAL DEFINITION): The importance of learning about “how the world works economically, politically, socially, culturally, technologically and environmentally”
Globalization: The increasing economic, social, cultural and political connections that are forming across the world and our awareness of them (includes expansions of institutions as well as cultural developments and exchanges) Spread of corporations and their powers worldwide, labour is cheap, rich countries profit immensely
Economic globalization: The concept of large companies and money moving easily around the world, whereas people cannot (i.e. Mexicans illegally entering the U.S. for work)
Alternative globalization: Social movements designed to take action at a global level against globalization (i.e. Amnesty International, Greenpeace, World Social Forum Conference (where various grassroots groups connect and discuss similar issues and goals for their organizations)
Universal Declaration of Human Rights: A legal charter document that highlights the basic human rights all world citizens possess (Designed to create equality and compassion among all people)
Notes From Lecture Slides
Racial inequality: A certain ethnicity experiencing unfair judgment or social treatment based solely on their race
Institutionalized racism: Unfair treatment of immigrants within social structures and institutions such as the government, the police force, schools, churches etc. (i.e. police profiling, immigration detention)
Economic inequality: Capitalist societies allow for profits to stay at the top of the job ladder amongst people who hold positions of power, which results in an inequality among lower level workers
Gender inequality: Inequality amongst women and men in the workplace – women earn 81 cents for every 1 dollar men earn in Canada
Gendered violence: Violence based specifically towards either gender (more common in patriarchal or misogynistic forms towards women by men, i.e. domestic violence, ‘rape culture’)
Colonialism: The political control of people and territories by foreign states (often results in racial superiority, implementation of their
customs, traditions, beliefs, etc.)
Imperialism: A general system of domination by a state (or states) or other regions or the whole world
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
IMF & World Bank required changes in order to give loans to pay debts Cut spending on state services (education, health, etc.)
Sold off public companies to corporations, which open borders and markets the corporations

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Global Citizenship
For as little as $15/Page
Order Essay
Order your essay today and save 25% with the discount code: THANKYOU

Order a unique copy of this paper

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
$26
Top Academic Writers Ready to Help
with Your Research Proposal
Live Chat+1(978) 822-0999EmailWhatsApp

Order your essay today and save 25% with the discount code THANKYOU