1043SCG Introduction To Environmental Sustainability : Essay Fountain


  1. Briefly outline the main tasks of your chosen profession as listed by the Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations,
  1. Explain how your profession could contribute to climate change mitigation and/or adaptation. Make reference to the IPCC, Climate Change 2014 Synthesis Report, Summary for Policymakers and the Australian Academy of Science, The Science of Climate Change.
  1. How would addressing climate change contribute to improving sustainability? Make reference to Agenda 21, Chapter 9: Protection of the Atmosphere, and the UN Sustainable Development Goals.
  1. Do a Google Scholar search on the role of your chosen profession in climate change mitigation and/or adaptation.



My chosen profession is psychology. This is a field which is advantageous in protecting environment from threats which would otherwise results to negative impacts on the entire ecosystem. It is a filed which focus in what and how human being think and perceive things thus contributing to policies and understanding that helps people change their behavior and perception (VijayaVenkataRaman, Iniyan, Goic, 2012). In this case the paper deals with how psychology profession contributes in offering solution s during adverse climatic changes and ensuring environmental sustainability. It will also indicate strategies, research skills and policies enacted by psychologist to deal with effects of global climatic changes

My profession: Psychology

Psychology is an expansive discipline which fuses both the logical scientific research of human behavior characteristics and its natural, psychological, and social bases, and the methodical use of this information to connected issues. It is the logical investigation of how individuals act, think and feel. Therapists contemplate everything about the human experience from the essential operations of the human cerebrum to cognizance, memory, thinking and dialect to identity and emotional wellness (Clayton, et al 2015).A psychologist is an individual who ponders the brain and behavior. In this case this particular profession typically envelops a wide scope of forte regions including such things as animal study and organization behavior.

Psychology, first perceived during the 1870s, is a science centered on human conduct. It is a changed order in which look into psychologist creating and testing hypotheses with respect to mental and conduct working and prosperity of people. In this case as a psychologist with how people’s behavior changes contribute positively to dealing with threats of climate changes (Doherty, & Clayton, 2011). Throughout the years, a superior comprehension of the association between the brain and the body has brought about organizations among clinicians and other human services suppliers, as indicated by the American Mental Affiliation. This has made entire individual human services progressively satisfactory, open and accessible to more patients.

There exist two major procedures environment responses to adverse climatic change: mitigation and adaptation (Gifford, 2011).  Mitigation involves identifying root causes by lowering greenhouse gas impacts while adaptation addresses risks resulting by the impacts of the huge changes to climate.

Climate change mitigation involve utilization of upcoming advanced technologies and various renewable energies, making instruments more effective and also changing the societal individual behaviours.It revolves around actions to restrain the impacts of future global warming and the also other related events. Some examples include maximizing energy effectiveness, removal of fossil fuel and CO2 gases from the atmosphere region.


Adaptation and climate change

Climate change adaptation involves a reaction to an Earth-wide temperature boost or global warming (otherwise called “environmental change” or “anthropogenic environmental change”).This aims to diminish the helplessness of both social and biological frameworks to moderately sudden change and accordingly balance the impacts of global warming (Hall, Gössling, Scott, 2012).This is the existing ability for people to adapt to the rapid changes in environment issues. This aspect ensures the evaluation of both sensitivity and vulnerability domains in climate negative impacts.

Some of the adaptation measures are infrastructural modifications to prevent sea level increase or enhancing road surfaces in order to deal with high temperature .Other include human behavior shifts like planting crops, less water usage (Reser, & Swim, 2011).

The adaptation assists people, society, nations and environmental systems to withstand adverse effects of climate change which are ultimately unavoidable. Psychologists help to take active actions to reduce the risks, protect society and improve economy.

Adjustment is a common duty. Governments at all dimensions, organizations and family units each have reciprocal tasks to carry out (Smith & Olesen, 2010).

Contributions of psychology profession to climate mitigation and adaptation

One imperative manner by which my psychology profession will contribute to climate mitigation and adaptation is by creation key strategies, understanding the beliefs of individuals and research.


Psychologists profession are put forth new knowledge and answers to assist  counter environmental change, while helping individuals adapt to the natural, financial and wellbeing impacts officially incurring significant damage on individuals’ lives.

Psychologists expand research and work intimately with industry, government and instruction to address environmental change.

They play an important role in acknowledging barriers that protect people from behavior change and d improve communicating on the correct course of action thus helping the facilitation of debate regarding the matter.

Psychology profession has a huge role in adaptation measures that will be required for the dimensions of environmental change which are as of now anticipated as inescapable (VijayaVenkataRaman, Iniyan, Goic, 2012).  They help in reducing environment conflicts through changing behavior and also offering resources which lower political conflicts aggravated by changing climatic conditions.

In both climatic mitigation and adaptation, this profession can prompt on two dimensions: manageable conduct change in people; and the talks, commitment and goals resolution systems required for society to discuss the significant financial and auxiliary changes required

The utilization of psychology hypothesis and experimental research is all around cutting edge in regard of ecological conduct change and sustainable ways of life Hypothetical systems, for example, the hypothesis of planned conduct have been utilized as often as possible in this field to inspect practices, for example, the utilization of open public transport (Koger & Winter, 2011).

Broad changes in both structure and economic dimensions aided by this profession will be significant so as to alleviate environmental change, and these are probably going to fuel political and open contentions. Psychology in this manner has a critical job in understanding the elements of these debates.

Psychology profession contributions to restricting environmental change will come not from endeavoring to change individuals’ frames of mind, but rather by making low-carbon innovations increasingly alluring and easy to use, monetary motivating forces progressively straightforward and less demanding to utilize, and data increasingly significant and applicable to the general population who require it (Swim et al,2011).psychology is fundamental to understanding the human causes and results of environmental change. They can utilize key interventions drawn from catastrophe psychology research and bolster long haul modification that perceives fluctuated responses to the natural and advanced technology disastrous events (Kahle & Gurel-Atay, 2013).

They are likewise proposing arrangements identified with understanding explicit human practices.


In summary;

This profession contribute by conceptualizing and comprehend the human conduct commitments to environmental change (like populace development and utilization) and the mental (e.g., inspiration, capacity) and logical drivers of these commitments (e.g., physical chances and limitations, social and social standards).

It ensures sharing learning and comprehension of how people in general see the dangers of, and comprehends environmental change.

 Gives responses to inquiries concerning how individuals and organizations can change their conduct to decrease the dangers of environmental change (relief).

Helping people and networks adjust to the psychosocial effects of environmental change and dangers, including helping individuals to deal with the pain of confronting the dangers of environmental change.

Sorting out reasonable and feasible guidelines for impartial sharing of worldwide assets.

Psychologist profession will also contribute to climate mitigation and adaptation through creation of programs that instill skills to people and create awareness in order for people to appreciate their environment (Norton, Zacher, Ashkanasy, 2014). This will prevent them from carrying practices such as deforestation as they will be aware of the dangers of such environmental malpractices.


Contribution of psychology in sustainability

In order to understand the role of psychology in sustainability it  is best that we first understand the concept of sustainability so that we can relate it to its impact in the environment and in doing so we would understand who these two aspects, psychology and sustainability are concerned about.

Sustainability is a term that can assume various definitions and meanings depending on the context with which the term is used. In most occasions, however, sustainability is used to refer to that unique ability that is expected to be maintained at a certain level and/or rate (Castro, 2012).In other words, sustainability may mean the deliberate act of avoiding the depletion of some very fundamental natural resources with the main purpose of maintaining a state of ecological balance. It often concerned with the aspect if meetings one’s current needs without compromising the ability of some other future generations to satisfactory meet their needs.

In recent years psychology of sustainability has been a new discipline in the field of psychology and through it then totally new research has been presented from time to time again regarding psychology and its contributions to sustainability. Psychology as we all know is a wide discipline (Winter & Koger, 2014). In sustainability for instance, it has had an impact of creating an environment that specially seeks to not only create but as well as improve the quality of life of people and their environment. In most cases psychology has regarded this traditional framework as the three ‘Es’ that is Economy, Equity and Ecology. Psychologists claim that this is derived from the primary definition of sustainability that mentions that psychology is often more about trying to avoid something from being exploited. Psychology of sustainability thus brings into play a totally new perspective that is based on sustainability for people in their natural environment. It is also important to note that these environments could either be natural, personal, social and/or organizational environments. It also puts more emphasis towards ensuring that there exists a sustainability not only interpersonal talent but as well as that of various groups and communities.

In most cases this is usually based on various aspects that are considered to be very core and important in the whole concept of sustainability. Some of the core cases that can be looked at regarding to this involve flourishing on personal careers and goals, meaning of purposes and lastly being in a position to harmonize the various aspects sustainability by looking at their psychological point of view.

Basically, based on study conducted by various scholars and academicians across the globe, the whole concept of sustainability and its interplay with psychology is often more related to human beings and how they interact and respond to nature and the environment at large. Through psychology a mechanism has been developed that links between sustainability and various psychological perspectives. In other words there are various environmental hazards and problems that are known to be caused by human behaviors and some tiny aspect of changes in the human behavior.


In summary, psychology is an expansive discipline which fuses both the logical scientific research of human behavior characteristics and its natural, psychological, and social bases, and the methodical use of this information to connected issues (Hansmann, 2010). As mentioned earlier in the text, psychology has had a very great impact of various areas such as in adaptation and climate change as well as in sustainability. In adaptation for instance, psychology has played an important role in acknowledging barriers that protect people from behavior change and d improve communicating on the correct course of action thus helping the facilitation of debate regarding the matter (Ones & Dilchert, 2012).

Consequently, statistics show that psychology profession is tremendous. For instance, contributions to restricting environmental change will come not from endeavoring to change individuals’ frames of mind, but rather by making low-carbon innovations increasingly alluring and easy to use, monetary motivating forces progressively straightforward and less demanding to utilize, and data increasingly significant and applicable to the general population who require it

It can therefore be concluded that psychology is a profession that is very crucial in our day to day activities. In the recent changing world, psychology has a role to play (Roome, 2012).



Castro, P. (2012). Legal innovation for social change: Exploring change and resistance to different types of sustainability laws. Political Psychology, 33(1), 105-121.

Clayton, S., Devine-Wright, P., Stern, P. C., Whitmarsh, L., Carrico, A., Steg, L., … & Bonnes, M. (2015). Psychological research and global climate change. Nature Climate Change, 5(7), 640.

Doherty, T. J., & Clayton, S. (2011). The psychological impacts of global climate change. American Psychologist, 66(4), 265.

Gifford, R. (2011). The dragons of inaction: psychological barriers that limit climate change mitigation and adaptation. American Psychologist, 66(4), 290.

Hall, C. M., Gössling, S., & Scott, D. (2012). Tourism and climate change: Impacts, adaptation and mitigation. Psychology press.

Hansmann, R. (2010). “Sustainability learning”: an introduction to the concept and its motivational aspects. Sustainability, 2(9), 2873-2897.

Kahle, L. R., & Gurel-Atay, E. (Eds.). (2013). Communicating sustainability for the green economy. ME Sharpe.

Koger, S. M., & Winter, D. D. (2011). The psychology of environmental problems: Psychology for sustainability. Psychology press.

Norton, T. A., Zacher, H., & Ashkanasy, N. M. (2014). Organisational sustainability policies and employee green behaviour: The mediating role of work climate perceptions. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 38, 49-54.

Ones, D. S., & Dilchert, S. (2012). Environmental sustainability at work: A call to action. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 5(4), 444-466.

Reser, J. P., & Swim, J. K. (2011). Adapting to and coping with the threat and impacts of climate change. American Psychologist, 66(4), 277.

Roome, N. (2012). Looking back, thinking forward: Distinguishing between weak and strong sustainability. In The Oxford handbook of business and the natural environment.

Smith, P., & Olesen, J. E. (2010). Synergies between the mitigation of, and adaptation to, climate change in agriculture. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 148(5), 543-552.

Swim, J. K., Stern, P. C., Doherty, T. J., Clayton, S., Reser, J. P., Weber, E. U., … & Howard, G. S. (2011). Psychology’s contributions to understanding and addressing global climate change. American psychologist, 66(4), 241.

VijayaVenkataRaman, S., Iniyan, S., & Goic, R. (2012). A review of climate change, mitigation and adaptation. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(1), 878-897.

Winter, D. D. N., & Koger, S. (2014). The Psychology of Environmental Problems: Psychology for Sustainability. Psychology Press.

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