It is a type of therapy that uses Art as an expressing format. There are various kinds of art therapies used till now which includes multidisciplinary platforms which includes subjects like art, sculpture, psychology, psychiatry and painting. The usage of art therapy leads to acknowledging the awareness of the self and the surrounding, it has potential to bring clarity and calmness into the doer’s mind.
Art therapy is a relatively new form therapy, it was used during the 18th century to treat psychiatric patients. The term Adrian Hill coined the term “Art Therapy”. Art therapy’s potential therapeutic efficacy was understood and since the 20th century it Art therapy came into clinical profession to treat various illnesses related to mental as well as physical.
Philosophy of Art Therapy
The art therapy is form of psychotherapy, psychoanalysis and counselling inspired by the expression of self in to an art form. It is for all ages to relieve stress and promote a health mental health in a non-judgmental environment. Art therapy is combined of many genres of art, it comprises of music, drama, play and other creative approaches. This type of therapy can help in self appreciation and also cure many mental diseases like chronic stress, anxiousness, dealing with depression, post-traumatic stress or disorder, traumatic brain injury and many more.
Scope of Practice
Medical Art therapy is a clinical art therapy which involves people from different professional backgrounds. This comprises of nurses, physicians, social workers and community health workers. The art therapist helps the person to bring back his or her self-awareness by co-operating with the person and also understanding the person’s mind-set.
Current Art Therapy in Canada!
There are many universities provide professional courses to become Art therapist in Canada. There is Canadian Art Therapy Association which provides Art therapy assistance and art therapy schools
“The aim of art is to represent not outward appearance,but their inward significance” -Aristotle
What are the benefits of Art Therap? Why is it used?
The art therapy may even use to combine different forms of arts, like music and art, dancing and art and many more forms of artistic senses can be mixed and merged to have combine effect of the art therapy on patients (Aletraris et al., 2014).A research conducted by (Hanevik et al., 2013) expressive art therapy proved to be useful in psychotic patients.
?To relieve stress
? Trauma ( Schouten et al.,2015)
?Dementia and Autism
. Hanevik, H., Hestad, K. A., Lien, L., Teglbjaerg, H. S., & Danbolt, L. J. (2013). Expressive art therapy for psychosis: A multiple case study. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 40(3), 312-321.
Aletraris, L., Paino, M., Edmond, M. B., Roman, P. M., & Bride, B. E. (2014). The use of art and music therapy in substance abuse treatment programs. Journal of addictions nursing, 25(4), 190.
Canadianarttherapy.org. (2019). CATA/ACAT Canadian Art Therapy Association. [online] Available at: https://www.canadianarttherapy.org/ [Accessed 18 Feb. 2019].
Schouten, K. A., de Niet, G. J., Knipscheer, J. W., Kleber, R. J., & Hutschemaekers, G. J. (2015). The effectiveness of art therapy in the treatment of traumatized adults: a systematic review on art therapy and trauma. Trauma, violence, & abuse, 16(2), 220-228.
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