Alcohol and drugs have been for many years been abused by many people. Alcohol is a depressant that slows the function of the central nervous system. It blocks some of the messages trying to get into the brain which consequently alters a person’s perceptions and emotions.
People that I have known overuse alcohol have undergone intoxication. When I meet them on the way they are just staggering, slur their speech because of these effects.
Intoxication makes one to be aggressive and angry. Due to this many alcohol users have ended in prison. My neighbor who was alcoholic ended in jail for committing a serious offence of beating his child senseless. He was actually acting out of his own character. The sentence was ten years in prison.
Alcoholism can be divided into three main stages namely:
Early stage of alcoholism
Here a person depends on alcohol to affect their mood. Most people at this level drink for relief from problems. Most people experience gradual increase in tolerance thus increasing the quantity. The body loses its ability to deal with high alcohol levels and as a result it leads to deteriorating body functions.
Middle alcoholism stage
The need and desire to drink becomes more intense. Their tolerance decreases because of intoxications. A few individuals recognize that there is a drinking problem but they are unable to stop. This stage is characterized by hangovers, blackouts and stomach problems.
End stage Alcoholism
The alcoholic at this stage has become obsessed with drinking to the extent of excluding all other activities. The mental and physical health of the alcoholic is deteriorating due to the damage of most body organs.
The alcoholic will consequently suffer from malnutrition and if the alcoholic continues to dink alcohol will cause the death of the alcoholic in one way or another. These range from suicide, accidents, and damage of body organs etc. Death is the final stage of alcoholisms. (Marlatt &Donovan 2005)
I have actually noted through observation that there are adverse effects of drinking alcohol. Most people who are alcoholic experience bad health effects, such as burnt hips.
Too much alcohol within a short period of time may cause alcohol poisoning which is characterized by violent vomiting, extreme sleepiness unconsciousness, difficulty breathing, low blood sugar and even death. Alcohol users especially the young people are venerable to risks such as unsafe, unprotected sex resulting to pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases such as the deadly AIDS those results to the end of lives.
The alcohol users I have known take risks that they might not normally if they are sober. Most people have been killed in road accidents due to alcohol intoxication that hinders their judgment. Others suffer physical injuries due to falling carelessly.
I have tried to drift away from most of my friends who drink since I cannot comply with their irrational behaviors when they are drunk. I always fear getting into conflicts with the alcohol users because they are usually aggressive and angry meaning they can injure me at any particular point.
Drug abuse has increased in the contemporary world. Different types of drugs are abused exposing the abusers to various risks. Drugs are chemical or substances that change the way the body works. They usually introduced into the body through swallowing, inhaling or injection them. In the brain drugs may affect the normal functioning of the brain.