The Neolithic Revolution
Choose to answer one (and only one) of the prompts below:
A: The Neolithic Revolution, also known as the Agricultural Revolution, had a great impact on humanity. Jared Diamond (1987) said that agriculture was the “worst mistake in the history of the human race.” The food surpluses that resulted from the Neolithic Revolution set the stage for social differentiation. What are some of the impacts that resulted from the emergence of agriculture? How did agriculture contribute to the rise of civilizations? What is the relationship between agriculture and inequality?
B: Civilization and Rising Inequality. We can see from the textbook that ancient civilizations had varying degrees of social stratification, which gave some members of these cultures unequal access to resources. In your discussion, discuss whether social stratification is a natural consequence of civilization, or would it be possible to have a civilization without stratification. What can we learn about social stratification from the past that can shed light on the problems of the present? Use concrete examples and evidence from the assigned material.