Question 2: (Capital Budgeting) 4 pointsConsider Projects A and B, with net cash flows as follows:—- Net Cash Flows —-Project A Project BInitial Cost at T-0 (Now) ($30,000)($50,000)cash inflow at the end of year 1 10,000 6,000cash inflow at the end of year 2 8,000 16,000cash inflow at the end of year 3 5,000 25,000a. Construct NPV Profiles for these two projects.b. If the two projects were mutually exclusive, which would you accept if your firm’s cost of capital were 4%? Which would you accept if your firm’s cost of capital were 8%?Question 3: (Capital Budgeting) 2 pointsCalculate the IRR of the following project:YearCash Flow0($55,000)1$21,0002$23,0003$25,000Question 4: (Capital Budgeting) 2 pointsCalculate the Modified Internal Rate of Return (MIRR) of the project in Question 3, assuming your firm’s cost of capital is 7%.Question 5: (Capital Structure) 4 pointsFirms R and S are similar firms in the same industry. Firms R and S have the same profit margin and total asset turnover when compared. However, Firm R’s capital structure is 70% debt, 30% equity, and Firm S’s capital structure is 30% debt, 70% equity. Given the above conditions, which firm will experience the highest return on equity (ROE)? Why?Question 6: (Capital Structure) 4 pointsA consultant has collected the following information regarding Hobbit Manufacturing:Operating income (EBIT) $600 million, Debt $0, Interest expense $0, Tax rate 35%, Cost of equity 7%, WACC 7% . The company has no growth opportunities (g = 0), so the company pays out all of its earnings as dividends . Hobbit can borrow money at a pre-tax rate of 5%. The consultant believes that if the company moves to a capital structure consisting of 30% debt and 70% equity (based on market values), which would require taking on debt in the amount of $1,779.47 million, that the cost of equity will increase to 8% and the pre-tax cost of debt will remain at 5%, but the value of the firm will rise. Is the consultant correct? If the company makes this change, what will be the increase in total market value for the firm?Question 7: (Forecasting) 8 pointsJolly Joe’s Novelties, Inc. had the financial data shown below last year. Jolly Joe’s has just invented a new toy which they expect will cause sales to increase from $100,000 to $180,000, increasing net income to $12,000. From experience the company knows that when sales changes, all current assets plus accounts payable and accrued expenses change at the same percentage rate, and the company feels they can handle the increase without adding any fixed assets. a. Will Jolly Joe’s need any new outside funding if they pay no dividends?b. If so, how much will be needed?Question 8: (Working Capital Management) 4 pointsSuppose it takes Jolly Joe’s Novelties, Inc. 5 days to build and sell toys (on average). Also suppose it takes the firm’s customers 35 days, on average, to pay for the toys after they have purchased them on credit. Finally, suppose the firm is able to delay paying for the materials it uses in the manufacturing process for 30 days. Given these conditions, how long is Jolly Joe’s cash conversion cycle?Question 9: (Working Capital Management) 4 pointsIf Jolly Joe’s buys $100 worth of supplies on credit with terms 3/10 n30 and pays the bill on the 28th day after the purchase:a. What is the approximate, or “nominal,” cost of trade credit as an annual rate?b. What is the exact cost of trade credit as an annual rate?
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