Moving forward all references should be scholarly articles easily obtained from
Discussion posts should reflect scholarly analysis and interpretation of the topic as well as supporting research; simple yes/no or great post responses are not
acceptable. Follow APA (latest edition) to cite all sources. Participate in the discussion by reading and responding to questions from the professor or others.
1. I’m particularly interested in the statements you’ve made in your second paragraph. You wrote that “leaders can influence the values and ethics of their followers as drawn from the principles of self-efficacy and social cognitive theories. The leader can influence the follower values and ethics through the moral disengagement process and ethical efficacy beliefs.”
Please provide additional information to substantiate these statements. For example, how do the principles of self-efficacy and social cognition relate to values and ethics? How do leaders influence followers through these constructs? How do the moral disengagement process and ethical efficacy beliefs relate to our discussion?
2. A good leader can influence the values and ethics of their followers by way of their leadership style. “Styles that focus on building strong organizational values among employees contribute to shared standards of conduct” (Ferrell, Fraedrich, & Ferrell, 2013. p. 139). A leader must gain the trust of its followers to be influential. To influence the values and ethics of others, a leader must perform morally and ethically. He/she cannot be a-do as I say, not as I do-leader. A good leader will exhibit awe-inspiring values and ethics in his or her personal as well as professional life. Six leadership styles that have been found effective are: The coercive leader, the authoritative leader, the affiliative leader, the democratic leader, the pacesetting leader, and the coaching leader. These styles are based on emotional intelligence (Ferrell, Fraedrich, & Ferrell, 2013).
We must also assume that integrity, values, ethics, and morals can be taught. Look at our United States history. We no longer have sweat shops, nor do we work people in deplorable conditions. We now have worker’s compensation, OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration), labor laws, and more, and all of these changes came from someone’s ethics and values that eventually helped change legislation.
Working conditions have improved over the last 100 years, but the lack of ethics and values are still a problem as evidenced by the massive scandals that have occurred such as Enron, WorldCom, Waste Management and more. There have been many studies performed that concluded teaching ethics does improve students’ understanding of ethics, values, and morals, and improves their ethical behavior (Haas, 2005). The Haas article suggests more business ethic courses in schools (colleges and universities) could continue improvement. Some states are requiring CPA candidates to pass an ethics exam before licensing, and many are pushing for more continuing education requirements to have an ethics section. With more education and better leadership, we could improve the ethics problem.