President Franklin D. Roosevelt created the New Deal program to attack the Great Depression that was plummeting the nation into a financial crisis; his plan can be said to have been a radical departure from Roosevelt”s predecessors. Roosevelt was brought to power with the expectation that he would initiate a major shift in the nature of government, and his actions following his campaign can rightfully be dubbed Roosevelt”s predecessors can be said to have been more conservatives than radicals. President Coolidge”s objective was to reduce the significance of the presidency and to limit the powers of the overnment.
He was content to let all of the nation”s problems work themselves out. He twice vetoed the McNary-Haugen bill, which would have drastically helped farmers by buying crop surpluses. President Hoover believed that the role of the gov”t. was not to solve the problems, but to help the problems disappear. He stated that “if gov”t solved society”s problems directly, people would give up their freedom and gov”t. would become the problem. ”
From public pressure, however, Hoover began to promote more direct fed. volvement, initiating such programs as the Reconstruction Finance Corporation and the Agric. Marketing Act, which helped farmers by buying their crop surpluses. His actions had little effect on the economy, but FDR made sure that his actions did. Roosevelt took a much larger step in using fed. involvement, more then any other President had done before. Roosevelt”s philosophy differed in that he promoted direct relief for the “forgotten man” in financial trouble. He saw nothing wrong with gov”t. activism, and he chose to use the fed. gov”t. to try to regenerate economic growth.
Some programs, including the Agric. Adjustment Act and the National Reconstruction Administration, even allowed gov”t to become too involved, resulting in Supreme Court legislation declaring them illegal and unconstitutional. His instituted loan and price-support programs which farmers became dependent upon, the Wagner Act as the overseer of labor-management relations, and a program to regulate the banking system and financial systems. In other words, he significantly changed the role of gov”t in the ecomony and in society by granting gov”t more control over them.
After the New Deal and the Second Hundred Days were over, society held the expectation that the Pres. and the gov”t. were responsible for correcting any or all problems that they had. Even so, Roosevelt”s radical actions had stabilized the economy and prevented economic collapse. Conservatives argue that Roosevelt undermined individualism and free enterprise, but really he simply saved the nation with his ideas and reforms. Roosevelt may have used the fed. gov”t. intensely in society, but he saved thousands of unemployed workers and helped his fellow man.
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